The foundry of mechanism copper yuan in Qing Dynasty began in Guangdong. Then Fujian, Jiangsu, Sichuan and other provinces successively cast copper yuan. Red copper 95%, white lead 4%, tin 1%. The front is "Guangxu Yuanbao", the outer ring of the Pearl circle, and the upper edge of the geographic character is "made in Zhejiang Province in 23 years". The lower edge is "Kuping one or two"; the back is cast with "Flying Dragon" drawing and bead ring; the upper edge is "CHEN-KIANG PROVINCE" in English; and the lower edge is "ONETAEL" in English.
Although the coin is small, it can also give a glimpse of social culture. Its pulp into the bone, ripe and natural, deep typing mouth clear, circulation traces obvious, edge teeth clearance, dragon scale clear, has a very high investment value and collection value. It has historical edification, is a high value cultural relic, has far-reaching historical Memorial significance, and is also a rare object in Archaeology and research of Chinese history and culture.
"Guangxu Yuanbao" was cast by nineteen provincial bureaus at that time. Except for the household department, the copper coins cast by the local provinces are all inscribed with the names of the provinces on the upper margin of their fronts. There are: 1 household; 2 Beiyang; 12 Hubei; 7 Jiangnan; 15 Henan; 11 Hunan; 14 Jiangxi; 9 Shandong; 8 Guangdong; 5 Qingjiang; 6 Zhejiang; 16 Jiangsu; 13 Sichuan; 10 Fujian; 17 Anhui; 3 Jilin; 4 Fengtian; 18 Guangxi; 19 Xinjiang; 20 Heilongjiang.
At the end of the Qing Dynasty, the price of copper soared, and people destroyed money for copper, so as to gain several times of the profits, and there was a shortage of money in the market. Due to the suspension of money-making in Guangdong, the market is running out of money and the circulation of small amounts is very inconvenient. In order to save the money shortage, influenced by Hong Kong's copper dollar and foreign currency, in June 26, Guangxu, Governor Deshou of Guangdong and former Governor Li Hongzhang made a decision to imitate Hong Kong's copper coin casting mechanism. Therefore, the foundry of mechanism copper yuan in Qing Dynasty began in Guangdong. Then Fujian, Jiangsu, Sichuan and other provinces successively cast copper yuan. There are many formats of Guangxu Yuanbao, especially Dang Shi. Many Emperors of Qing Dynasty issued copper coins as currency when they were in power. The use of copper coins has important practical and historical significance, which gradually facilitates the transaction. Nowadays, Guangxu Yuanbao also has a certain collection value. Many collectors love Daqing copper coins, and collecting a variety of copper coins has become their goal.
In 2014, for the sensation is nothing more than a perfect "Guangxu Yuanbao" to shoot a high price of 6.28 million, the seller became rich overnight. Scholars believe that the collection value of "Guangxu Yuanbao" is incalculable, and it is the "partial door" of the antique collection market. Nowadays, the "Guangxu Yuanbao" collection market is extremely hot.
The Chinese art market is extremely booming, and ancient coins, porcelain, calligraphy and painting have become a hotspot. Because ancient coins are non-renewable and very rare in stock, the value of collection is incalculable. Nowadays, they have been searched by collectors and museums, and only occasionally can they see ancient coins at high-end auctions. "Guangxu Yuanbao" Liu Yiqian once said that for this collection of great collection value, the collection is fate, fortune.
In recent years, ancient coins have been a hot topic in the collection market. It is not as amazing as porcelain, calligraphy, painting and jade, but it is also favored by many collectors of ancient coins because of its ancient socio-economic and cultural characteristics and political atmosphere. It has become one of the largest art collections in the market, and its market value has been rising steadily and rapidly.
Guangxu Yuanbao is one of the best coins in modern China. It also occupies an important position in the history of coins in its specific historical period. The earth-shaking and turbulent storms in the history of Qing Dynasty are depicted in this small coin one by one. It not only represents the currency culture of modern China, but also reflects the modern history of our country. The rise and fall of economy and finance and vicissitudes have high artistic and cultural value.
On March 28, 2015, in Nanjing Spring Festival, a Guangxu Yuanbao (Ten Dollars of Household Department) was sold at a daily price of 4.28 million yuan, which broke the auction record of all Guangxu Yuanbao and once again created the myth of ancient coin auction.