西藏墨脱气象中心:最遥远的气象中心

x
用微信扫描二维码
分享至好友和朋友圈

  墨脱气象中心位于中国西藏林芝境内雅鲁藏布江的大拐弯处,基地周边群山环绕,景色壮丽,半山的峡谷之中,可远眺南迦巴瓦峰,周边景观植被茂盛,蕴含原生态的朴素之美。

  The Medog Meteorological Center (MMC) is located at the lowest point of Medog County, a remote town in Tibet. Next to the Ysrlung Tsangpo River, under the Namcha Barwa, the building is surrounded by dense vegetation and rolling hills. Medog is known as the most remote county in China, along with the fact of it being a sacred place for Tibetan Buddhists, both causes the isolation of the town for centuries from the outside world which leads to its strong cultural originality that integrated with the well-preserved natural environment.

  ▼鸟瞰图,aerial view EID Arch

  

  ▼墨脱气象中心围合院落内景,the enclosed courtyard EID Arch

  

  墨脱具有独特的气候地貌特征,属亚热带雨林气候,降水量充沛,全年潮湿多雨。这里平均海拔只有1200米,最低处甚至仅115米。作为中国境内最后一个通达公路的县城,其道路状况十分恶劣,单程调研考察需要花费大概一周的时间。遥远的地理位置为设计与建造带来极大的挑战。墨脱气象中心的设计建造属援藏类项目,设计初衷通过远程介入的方式,为当地的气象局提供一个复合事业机构办公空间及员工宿舍公共服务类建筑,充分利用在地的建造方式、材料与工艺,实现当代建筑的地域性表达。

  ▼基地位置的地貌景观,context EID Arch

  

  

  The design team faces many difficulties and challenges. The first one is the building’s remote location. Medog is China’s last County to be reached by highway, since it is in the hard-to-reach southern mountain range of Tibet. Secondly, although it is on the Tibetan plateau, its elevation only goes up to 1,200 m, and the lowest point drop down as low as 115m. As a result, Medog has a tropical rainforest climate, unlike the rest of Tibet, Buildings here must accommodate to the challenge of abundant rain fall throughout the year. Last but not least, the design team also has to take into consideration of construction challenges, such as low construction skill, few heavy machinery, and limited building materials.

  ▼框景空间提供休憩平台,促进互动与交流,the framed mountain scenery EID Arch

  

  “可呼吸”的建筑空间回应居者工作与生活的日常 | A breathing building that responds to residents’ daily life

  由于周边建筑对项目基地形成独特的围合之势,该设计总体布局采用了围合的格局,充分回应所处位置的景观与环境关系。院落的回廊顺应地域性气候,最大化景观视线的同时,结合当地居民对工作与生活的使用需求,形成一个相对内聚的院落空间。

  Consisting of the administrative office and staff dormitory, MMC is conceived as enclosed courtyard. It serves as a hybrid building for the local meteorological bureau according to the occupants’ daily routine. Its centralized structure accommodates different functional needs while also ensures privacy.

  ▼从办公区回廊望向住宿区,dormitory building seen from the corridor of the office area EID Arch

  

  ▼从室内眺望对面山谷,mountain landscape seen from interior EID Arch

  

  屋顶通过有序的曲折变化使建筑形态与对面的峡谷山体走势相呼应,同时充分考虑到在降雨量较大的时期迅速进行建筑排水。底层局部采用架空的设计手法,承袭当地杆栏式建筑特色,高低错落的隙间有效促进自然通风,同时丰富立面形态。

  ▼总体布局思路,design concept EID Arch

  

  ▼轴测图,axon EID Arch

  

  The undulating roof responds to the climate, and reflects the surrounding mountains. Elevated ground level is inherited from the vernacular architecture. Windows are carefully placed, creating a rhythmic faade. As the building is designed to be an integration of living and working space, the transparency maximizes the views to the landscape according to the occupants’ movement during the day. Therefore, all these factors has been taken into consideration and our team applied remote intervention during the design process by using instant communication tools to monitor both electronically and graphically.

  ▼屋顶通过有序的曲折变化使建筑形态与对面的峡谷山体走势相呼应,the undulating roof responds to the climate, and reflects the surrounding mountains EID Arch

  

  质朴原初的远程介入实践 | Reinterpretation of the Vernacular

  建筑师在实际的建造实践过程中发现,受限于当地建筑材料选择与施工建造技术的严重匮乏,大型建筑机械进出困难,无疑为实际的建筑营造带来严峻的阻碍,建造难度远远超出预期。远程的网络通讯与实时沟通软件成为建筑设计建造的主要方式。

  Through the early field survey, the architects tried to understand the local traditional building materials and characteristics. Local traditional buildings are heavily affected by the climate. Most of them have an elevated ground floor, using masonry as structural support. The upper level using wood as main structural elements. Sloped roof has its surface covered by wood in order to adapt to the rainy weather. Some public buildings are coated with clay and the finish surface has a hand pressing pattern to speed up the wall drainage.

  ▼融合在地建筑特质的主立面,main facade EID Arch

  

  这次远程介入的探索,从选择当地松木、黏土砖和石材开始,以最简单经济的方式进行现场施工,呈现质朴原初的砖混建筑结构建筑。设计细节充分尊重当地民族文化特色,将门巴族、珞巴族传统文化元素与现代建筑语汇相融合,利用素朴的建筑语言表达毫无矫饰的建筑内涵。

  ▼中央庭院内景,courtyard view EID Arch

  

  The design and materiality pay tribute to local ethnic culture, blending traditional Moinba and Lhoba architecture with modern architectural elements, creating a contemporary building sensitive to local culture and tectonic tradition. Our remote intervention began with the material selection of local pinewood and prefabricated in situ to preserve the appearance of the wood to be as natural as possible.

  ▼结构上选用了松木、黏土砖和石材,以最简单经济的方式被建造出来,the remote intervention began with the material selection of local pinewood and prefabricated in situ to preserve the appearance of the wood to be as natural as possible EID Arch

  

  ▼细部,detailed view EID Arch

  

  

  ▼质朴原初的建筑结构,detailed view EID Arch

  

  该项目于2018年初竣工,目前已投入使用。这座建筑有效汲取当地的文化特质,具有独特的辨识度,荣获2018年亚太房产大奖中国区最佳公共服务建筑及2017意大利The Plan Award未来办公商务类建筑最终提名奖。

  Eventually, the building has absorbed the local architectural achievements, making them its own identity, with great environmental benefits. The project has been completed and put into use by the beginning of 2018. Medog Meteorological Center won Asia Pacific Property Awards 2018, Public Service Architecture (China) and The Plan Award 2017, the Finalist of the Future Office & Business Architecture Design category.

  ▼楼梯间,stair well EID Arch

  

  ▼素朴粗糙的施工现场,construction phase EID Arch

  

  ▼总平面图,site plan EID Arch

  

  ▼一层平面图,plan level 1 EID Arch

  

  ▼二层平面图,plan level 2 EID Arch

  

  ▼三层平面图,plan level 3 EID Arch

  

  ▼北立面图,north elevation EID Arch

  

  ▼剖面图A-A,section A-A EID Arch

  

  项目信息

  地点:西藏自治区林芝市墨脱县

  业主:墨脱气象局

  竣工时间:2017

  建筑面积:1,854平方米

  建筑类型:办公,住宿

  建筑设计:EID Architecture

  建筑设计团队:

  姜平,AIA,主持建筑师

  陆生云、方冠婷、龚昀

  机电/结构顾问:西藏合林建筑设计有限公司

  Project Credits

  Location: Medog County, Tibet, China

  Client: Medog Meteorological Bureau

  Completion Date: 2017

  Built Area: 1,854 sqm

  Type: Office, accommodation

  Architect: EID Architecture

  Design Principal: Ping Jiang, AIA

  Design Team: Sean Lu, Tina Fang, Yun Gong

  Architect of Record/M&E Consultant/Structural Engineer:

  Tibet Helin Architectural Design Co., Ltd.

  文章转载自EID Architecture,如涉及侵权请联系删除。

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

特别声明:本文为网易自媒体平台“网易号”作者上传并发布,仅代表该作者观点。网易仅提供信息发布平台。

跟贴 跟贴 0 参与 0
© 1997-2019 网易公司版权所有 About NetEase | 公司简介 | 联系方法 | 招聘信息 | 客户服务 | 隐私政策 | 广告服务 | 网站地图 | 意见反馈 | 不良信息举报

皎月

世界那么大,我想去看看

头像

皎月

世界那么大,我想去看看

298

篇文章

20

人关注

列表加载中...
请登录后再关注
x

用户登录

网易通行证/邮箱用户可以直接登录:
忘记密码